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Kazakhstan has approved the rules for the transportation of dangerous goods by road.
Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 19, 2013 No. 259 “On Amendments to the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 12, 2004 No. 316 “On Certain Issues related to the transportation of dangerous Goods by Road” and Invalidation of the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 27, 2012 No. 979 “On Approval of Standards of Public Services of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Kazakhstan in in the field of road transport and amendments to the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 20, 2010 No. 745 “On approval of the register of public services provided to individuals and legal entities”.
The rules were developed in accordance with the Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 4, 2003 “On Road Transport”, July 17, 2001 “On Highways” and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The Rules apply to legal entities and individuals associated with the transportation of dangerous goods on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. International transportation of dangerous goods by motor vehicles is carried out in accordance with the requirements of international treaties of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Dangerous goods are any substances, materials, products, waste of industrial and other activities that, due to their inherent properties, may cause an explosion, fire or damage to technical means, devices, buildings and structures, as well as death, injury and disease of people, animals, harm the natural environment.
When transporting dangerous goods, the classification of dangerous goods is applied in accordance with the current standards of the European Agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) and GOST 19433-88 “Dangerous goods. Classification and labeling”.
Dangerous goods are transported by specialized motor vehicles or other vehicles adapted for these purposes.
A contract is concluded between the shipper (consignee) and the carrier for the carriage of dangerous goods in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. When transporting dangerous cargo, the carrier must have a bill of lading, which is drawn up in triplicate and signed by the shipper and the carrier, in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
When developing a transportation route, the carrier is guided by the following basic requirements:
1) large industrial facilities should not be located near the route;
2) the route should not pass through large settlements. If it is necessary to transport dangerous goods inside large settlements, the route should not pass near entertainment, cultural and educational, educational, preschool and medical institutions;
3) parking spaces for vehicles should be provided on the transportation route.
When passing a route within one area, the transportation route is agreed upon by the traffic police units located in this area within three working days. If visibility is limited to 300 meters (fog, rain, snowfall, etc.), the transportation of certain types of dangerous goods may be prohibited, which is indicated in the conditions of safe transportation of specific hazardous substances and products.
A special permit for the carriage of dangerous goods of classes 1, 6 and 7 by motor vehicle is issued by the territorial authorized bodies of the Transport Control Committee of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Kazakhstan (territorial transport control body).
Drivers transporting dangerous goods by motor vehicle meet the following requirements:
1) availability of a certificate for the right to drive a vehicle of the appropriate category;
2) the presence of continuous work experience as a driver of a vehicle of this category for at least three years;
3) passing a general medical examination and pre-trip medical examination for professional drivers in accordance with the established procedure with a mark on the waybill;
4) the presence of a certificate of the driver’s admission to the transportation of dangerous goods on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The driver strictly follows the established and agreed route of transportation of dangerous goods and parking places. When driving a motor vehicle with dangerous cargo, the driver should:
1) do not move the vehicle abruptly from the spot;
2) do not brake abruptly;
3) do not move with the clutch and engine off;
4) do not smoke in a vehicle while driving (smoking is allowed during stops no closer than 50 m from the parking lot of vehicles);
5) do not use an open flame (in exceptional cases, for cooking, a fire can be lit at a distance of no closer than 200 m from the parking lot of vehicles);
6) do not leave the vehicle unattended.
A motor vehicle carrying dangerous goods must not have more than one trailer (or semi-trailer). The speed limit of motor vehicles, when transporting dangerous goods, is established according to the Rules of the road.
When transporting especially dangerous goods, parking for drivers’ rest in populated areas is prohibited. Parking is allowed in places located no closer than 200 meters from residential buildings and crowded places or in specially designated places.
When stopping or parking a vehicle, the parking brake must be switched on, and an additional anti-rollback stop must be installed on the slope. The places of stops and parking of vehicles carrying dangerous goods are indicated in the route of transportation of dangerous goods.
Motor vehicles carrying dangerous goods, if possible, are provided with fuel for the entire route, without refueling at public gas stations. If necessary, refueling at public gas stations is carried out at a site located at a distance of at least 25 meters from the territory of the gas station, with fuel obtained at the station in metal cans, or from mobile gas stations specially provided for these purposes.
The resolution is put into effect after ten calendar days after the first official publication (“Kazakhstanskaya Pravda” No. 256 (275230) dated 21.08.2013), that is, from September 1, 2013.