The wounded person must be transported in a position that corresponds to the type of wound; therefore, the caregiver must not ignore how the wounded person lies, and especially in what position they are transported to the doctor or to a treatment facility.
The fate and even the salvation of the wounded man’s life depends to a large extent on his position during transportation. For this reason laying the wounded man in the right position is one of the most important aspects of first aid. Proper positioning of the wounded person during transport ensures the most comfortable and gentle positioning of the body; it is also one of the ways to prevent the occurrence of a state of shock.
In the supine position, conscious casualties with head wounds, spine wounds, and limb wounds are transported.
The supine position with knees bent is recommended for open wounds of the abdomen, for fractures of the pelvis bones.
In the supine position with the lower extremities elevated and the head down is transported wounded with significant blood loss and in shock.
In the supine position the wounded with spinal wounds are transported when the victim is unconscious.
Semi-sitting position with legs outstretched is recommended for wounds to the neck and for significant wounds to the upper extremities.
In the half sitting position with knees bent and a roller placed under them the wounded are transported with wounds of urinary and genital organs, with intestinal obstruction and other sudden diseases of abdominal organs, with abdominal cavity injuries as well as wounds to the chest. In the lateral position, in the so-called fixed stabilized position, it is mandatory to transport the wounded who are unconscious.
In the sitting position or on foot with the help of an accompanying person are delivered victims with relatively light wounds of the face and upper extremities.