2. List of malfunctions and conditions that pose a threat to road safety and the environment, under which the operation of vehicles is prohibited


This list shall establish malfunctions of cars, buses, road trains, trailers, motorcycles, mopeds, tractors, and self-propelled machines and the conditions under which their operation shall be prohibited. Methods for checking the given parameters shall be regulated by the relevant technical regulations, standards, rules and manuals for their technical operation.

1. Brake systems

During road tests, the standards of braking efficiency of the service brake system, given in the table, are not observed:

VehiclesCategory of vehicle
(tow car as part of a road train)
Braking distance,
no more than
Steady state deceleration,
m/s2, no less
Passenger and
М2, М318,35,0
Light vehicles with a trailerМ114,75,8
Cargo vehiclesN1 N2, N318,35,0
Cargo vehicles with a trailer
N1 N2, N319,55,0
1. Tests shall be carried out on a horizontal section of the road with a smooth, dry, clean cement or asphalt concrete surface at a speed at the beginning of braking of 40 km/h for cars, buses and road trains, and 30 km/h for motorcycles and mopeds. Vehicles shall be tested by a single impact on the control of the service brake system. The mass of the vehicle during the tests shall not exceed the permitted maximum mass.
2. The efficiency of the service brake system of vehicles may also be assessed by other signs in accordance with ST RK GOST R 51709.
3. “*” Hereinafter, the categories of vehicles are specified in Annex A to ST RK GOST R 51709.
2. The tightness of the hydraulic brake drive is broken.
3. Violation of the tightness of the pneumatic and pneumohydraulic brake actuators causes a drop in air pressure with the engine off by more than 0.05 MPa (0.5 kgf/cm 2) in 15 minutes after they are fully activated.
4. The pressure gauge of the pneumatic and pneumohydraulic brake drives does not work.
5. The parking brake system does not provide a stationary state:
1) vehicles with a full load – on a slope up to 16% inclusive;
2) cars and buses in running order – on a slope of up to 23% inclusive;
3) trucks and road trains in running order – on a slope of up to 31% inclusive.

3. The power steering or steering damper (for motorcycles) is defective or missing.

2. Steering

1. The total play in the steering exceeds the following values:

Vehicle typeTotal backlash (degrees), no more
Passenger cars and trucks based on them and buses10

2. There are movements of parts and assemblies not provided for by the design; threaded connections are not tightened or not secured in the prescribed manner.
3. The power steering or steering damper (for motorcycles) is defective or missing.

3. External lights

1. Quantity, type, colour, location and mode of operation of external lighting devices do not meet the requirements of the vehicle design.

Note. On vehicles discontinued from production, it shall be permitted to install external lighting devices from vehicles of other brands and models.

2. The headlight adjustment does not meet the requirements.
3. External lights and retroreflectors do not work in the prescribed mode or are dirty.
4. There are no diffusers on the lighting devices or diffusers and lamps are used that do not correspond to the type of this lighting device.
5. Installation of rotating beacons does not meet the requirements of the standard.

6. Lighting devices with red lights or red reflectors are installed in front of the vehicle, and white in the back, except for reversing lights and registration plate lighting, retroreflective registration, distinctive and identification marks.

4. Windshield wipers and windshield washers
1. Windshield wipers do not work in the set mode.

2. The windshield washers provided for by the design of the vehicle do not work.

5. Wheels and tires

1. Car tires have a residual tread height of less than 1.6 mm, trucks – 1 mm, buses – 2 mm, motorcycles and mopeds – 0.8 mm.

Note. For trailers, standards for the residual height of the tire tread pattern are established, similar to the standards for tires of tractor vehicles.

2. Tires have local damage (punctures, cuts, ruptures), exposing the cord, as well as delamination of the carcass, delamination of the tread and sidewall.
3. The fastening bolt (nut) is missing or there are cracks in the disk and wheel rims.
4. Tires in size or load capacity do not match the vehicle model.
5. Tires of various sizes, designs (radial, diagonal, chamber, tubeless), models, with different tread patterns, studded and non-studded, frost-resistant and non-frost-resistant, new and restored are installed on one axle of vehicles.
6. On the front axle of an intercity bus (class II**) and a long-distance bus (class III), retreaded tires are installed, and on other axles – tires retreaded according to the second repair class.

Note. “**” Hereinafter, the classes of buses are specified in Annex A to ST RK GOST R 51709.

7. On the front axle of a passenger car and a city bus (class I), tires retreaded according to the second repair class are installed.

6. Engine
1. The content of harmful substances in exhaust gases and their opacity exceeds the norms established by technical regulations and standards.
2. The tightness of the power supply system is broken.
3. The system of release of the fulfilled gases is defective.
4. The tightness of the crankcase ventilation system is broken.

7. Other structural elements

1. There are no rear-view mirrors provided for by the design of the vehicle or their equipment does not meet the requirements established by ST RK GOST R 51709.
2. There are no windows and sun visors provided for by the design of the vehicle.
3. The does not work or the klaxon horn with the changing basic frequency is set.
4. Additional objects have been installed that restrict visibility from the driver’s seat (except for rear-view mirrors, windshield wiper parts, radio antennas external and applied or built into the glass, heating elements for defrosting and windshield dehydration devices), entailing the risk of injury to road users.
Coatings have been applied or transparent coloured films have been glued on the windshields and (or) front side windows of the cab (passenger cabin) of a power-driven vehicle.

Note. On the upper part of the windshield, it shall be permitted to use a strip of a transparent colour film with a width of not more than 140 mm, and on vehicles of categories M3, N2, N3 – with a width not exceeding the minimum distance between the upper edge of the windshield and the upper boundary of its cleaning zone with a wiper. It shall be permitted to use curtains on the windows of buses, as well as blinds and curtains on the rear windows of cars.

5. The presence of cracks on the windshield of a motor vehicle in the zone of cleaning with a wiper half of the glass located on the driver’s side.
6. The body or cabin door locks provided for by the design, the locks of the sides of the cargo platform, the locks of the tank necks and the fuel tank plugs, the adjustment mechanism and the locking devices of the driver and passengers seats, the emergency door switch and the stop request signal on the bus, the emergency exits of the bus and devices for driving them, devices for interior lighting of the passenger compartment, a door control drive and an alarm for their operation, a speedometer, a tachograph, anti-theft devices, glass heating and blowing devices do not work in the prescribed manner.
7. No rear guard, mud guards or mud flaps provided for by design.
8. The towing and coupling devices of the tractor and the trailer link are defective, and the safety cables (chains) provided for by their design are missing or defective. There are backlashes in the connections of the motorcycle frame with the frame of the side trailer.
9. Not available:
1) a first-aid kit, a fire extinguisher, an emergency stop sign (a flashing red light on a bus, car and truck, wheeled tractors);
2) wheel chocks (at least two) on trucks with a maximum permitted weight of more than 3.5 tons and buses;
3) a first-aid kit, an emergency stop sign (flashing red light) on a motorcycle with a side trailer;
4) marking with retroreflective material that meets the requirements of ST RK GOST R 51253 and ST RK GOST R 41.104 of vehicles of categories M2, M3, N2, N3, 02, 03, 04 in accordance with GOST 22895.

Note. The minimum content of medicines and medical products in a first-aid kit shall be established by the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

10. On vehicles that are not included in the list of operational and special services, with the transport subject to be equipped with special light and sound signals and painting according to special colour and graphic schemes, flashing light signals of red and blue colours are used, regardless of their location, or sound signals with alternating tones, or special colour schemes used on vehicles of operational and special services*.
11. There are no seat belts if their installation is provided for by the vehicle design.
12. Seat belts are inoperable or have visible tears on the strap.
13. The registration plate of the vehicle does not meet the requirements of the standard.
14. There are no safety bars on the motorcycle.
15. On motorcycles and mopeds there are no footrests, or transverse handles for passengers on the saddle provided for by the design.
16. There are no additional elements of brake systems, steering and other components and assemblies provided for by the design or installed without agreement with the vehicle manufacturer or other authorized organization, the requirements for which are regulated by this list.
17. Re-equipment of vehicles was carried out in violation of the requirements provided for in the field of technical regulation.

Re-equipment of vehicles of categories M1, M2, M3, associated with the installation (dismantling) of seats, the organization of sleeping places and cargo compartments, was carried out.

Re-equipment of vehicles of categories N1, N2, N3, associated with the transfer to the categories M2 and M3, was carried out.

For category M1, re-equipment associated with a decrease in the number of seats shall be permitted.

For category M1, M2, re-equipment associated with their transfer to categories N1, N2 shall be permitted.

Note. re-equipment (change in design) of vehicles, means – the exclusion of components and items of equipment that are not provided for by the design of the vehicle and that affect road safety.

18. Elements (devices) are installed on the state registration plates to hide the alphabetic and numeric designations of the registration plate.

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